Anti-Terror Bill

Anti-terror bill also aims at animal-rights violence.

The anti-terrorism bill passed by Congress late last month sits unsigned on President Bush's desk, who is unhappy with the large spending bill that is designed to fund it. The anti-terror bill is expected to be signed, however, as it has tremendous Congressional support - only one Member voted against it. Section 336 of H.R. 3448 is called Animal Enterprise Terrorism Penalties, and defines offenses and penalties to animal facilities.

H.R. 3448 Animal Enterprise Terrorism Penalities

June 6, 2002


Section 336 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (Enrolled as Agreed to or Passed by Both House and Senate)

SEC. 336. ANIMAL ENTERPRISE TERRORISM PENALTIES.


(a) IN GENERAL- Section 43(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

`(a) OFFENSE- Whoever--

`(1) travels in interstate or foreign commerce, or uses or causes to be used the mail or any facility in interstate or foreign commerce for the purpose of causing physical disruption to the functioning of an animal enterprise; and

`(2) intentionally damages or causes the loss of any property (including animals or records) used by the animal enterprise, or conspires to do so, shall be punished as provided for in subsection (b).'.

(b) PENALTIES- Section 43(b) of title 18, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:

`(b) PENALTIES-

`(1) ECONOMIC DAMAGE- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes economic damage not exceeding $10,000 to an animal enterprise shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 6 months, or both.

`(2) MAJOR ECONOMIC DAMAGE- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes economic damage exceeding $10,000 to an animal enterprise shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 3 years, or both.

`(3) SERIOUS BODILY INJURY- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes serious bodily injury to another individual shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both.

`(4) DEATH- Any person who, in the course of a violation of subsection (a), causes the death of an individual shall be fined under this title and imprisoned for life or for any term of years.'.

(c) RESTITUTION- Section 43(c) of title 18, United States Code, is amended--

(1) in paragraph (1), by striking `and' at the end;
(2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and inserting `; and'; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
`(3) for any other economic damage resulting from the offense.'


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